The 9 Niger Delta States in Nigeria


The Niger Delta states are the oil producing states in Nigeria which comprises of all the 6 states in the South South geopolitical zone as well as one from the south west (Ondo) and two from south east (Abia and Imo). This area occupies about 70,000kmsq of the landmass of Nigeria. This means the Niger Delta Region occupies only 7.5% of the land area in Nigeria.

It is important to note that the original Niger Delta Region consist of only 3 states, these are; Delta, Rivers and Bayelsa. The other 6 states that make up the region (Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Ondo, Edo, Imo and Abia) were added as part of the region in 2000 due to their oil producing status by the Former President Olusegun Obasanjo. So suffix to say, the region regarded as Niger delta of today is political.

1. RIVERS


Rivers, together with Bayelsa and Delta are the core states of the Niger Delta Region. Rivers was at a time the largest oil producing states in Nigeria before it was overthrown by Akwa Ibom. Currently, it is the third largest oil producer in the country. This state have 2 oil refineries, making it a major oil refining state, no wonder it prides itself as the Treasure Base of the Nation. The capital of Rivers is Port Harcourt.

Aside petroleum and its other natural resources, rivers is blessed with abundant human resource as it is one of the most populous states in Nigeria with a population of over 5 million people. This people are mostly from the Ikwerre, Okrika, Upobo, Kalabari or the Ubani ethnic group.

2. BAYELSA


Bayelsa state with Yanagoa as it capital is a core states of the Niger Delta region and has one of the largest oil deposits in Nigeria (4th largest oil producer). The first state oil was discovered in Nigeria in commercial is Bayelsa at Oloibiri in 1959. This is one of the least populated state in the country as well as the state with the least number of Local Government Areas ( it has 8 LGAs). The state is a home to a population of over 1.9 million with the Ogbia, Nembe, Izon and Epie-Atissa as the major ethnic groups in the state

3. DELTA


The city of Asaba is the capital of Delta state. Delta is the 2nd largest oil producer in Nigeria. This state is just like the ones above are located in the South South geopolitical zone of Nigeria.there is a major refinery in Warri, the heartbeat of delta state. It is one of the most populated states in the Niger Delta region and has a population of 4 million people. The major ethnic groups in the state include Urhobo, Isoko and the Itsekiri. The state aside being an oil producer is also an agricultural state.

4. AKWA IBOM


Akwa Ibom is the largest oil producing state in Nigeria. It is located in the South South part of the country and has Uyo as it capital. The capital is one of the most beautiful cities in the country. The state is home to over 2.3 million people mostly from the Oron, Annang and Ibibio ethnic groups. It is also home to 2 major seaports in the country.

5. CROSS RIVER


Cross River is the only Niger Delta state in Nigeria that is not oil producing. This is because it ceded it oil to Akwa Ibom after Cameroon took over Bakassi. This state’s capital is Calabar and it is one of the most beautiful states in the country. The state is home to Obudu Mountain Resort, a popular tourist destination in the country. The state is home to more than 3.3 million people and has Efik, Ejagham, and Bekwarra as it major ethnic groups.

6. EDO


Edo state is in the same group with Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Ondo, Abia and Imo. These were added to the list of Niger Delta states at a later date for economic/political reasons. The state is the last of the 6 states that constitute the south south geopolitical zone in the country and has Benin City as it capital. This state is also an oil producer and house a population of more than 2.2 million people have the Edo, Esan, Igarra, Etsako/Afemai and the Okpamheri as its major ethnic groups.

7. ABIA


Abia is one of the 2 states in the South East that are oil producers. It is dominated by the Igbo speaking ethnic group who are mostly traders. The state’s capital is known as Umiahia. Abia state has a population of over 2.8 million people.

8. IMO


This is the second state in the South East that is part of the Niger Delta states. The state is home to a population of over 4 million people and have the city off Imo as it capital. The state is an Igbo dominated state.

9. ONDO


Ondo state is the only state in the South West part of the country that is added to the list of the Niger Delta states and this is as a result of it oil producing status. The state is dominated by the Yoruba ethnic groups with the Ijaw’s living as minorities. It is a home to a population of over 3.4 people and has Akure as it capital.

Top 10 Least Populated States in Nigeria

Are you interested in knowing the least populated states in Nigeria? You are not alone; many don’t know which state is the smallest in the country. There are some people that think the states with the smallest land area are the least populated. That a wrong notion. Take Lagos for example, it has the smallest area yet, it is the second most populous state according to the 2006 census. In Nigeria, the least populated state is Bayelsa.

Had it been the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is a state, it would have been the least populated but since it is not a state, Bayelsa wears the crown. This post will discuss the top 10 least populated states in Nigeria.

1. BAYELSA STATE (1,703,358)


Bayelsa state is the least populous state in Nigeria; it is located in the oil rich zone of the Niger delta region and have it capital as Yenagoa. This state is one of the largest oil producers in the country. it has the least number of Local Government Areas. Oil was first discovered in Bayelsa state, Oloibiri to be precise in 1959. The state according to the 2006 census had a population of less than 2 million. The main ethnic group in Bayelsa state is Ijaw. Though this state is an oil producing state, it citizens live in abject poverty.

2. NASARAWA STATE (1,863,275)


Nasarawa state is located in the North Central part of the country, a zone loosely referred to by many as Middle belt. The city of Lafia is the capital of Nasarawa state. This state is one of the states that shares border with the Federal Capital Territory. It is blessed with solid mineral which however are mined by artisans. The most important economic activity in this state is agriculture. Just like Bayelsa, the census conducted in 2006 shows that it has a population of less than 2 million people.

3. EBONYI STATE (2,173,501)


Ebonyi state is the third on the list of least populated states in Nigeria. Aside it low population status, it is also one of the poorest state in the country. This state is located in the South East geopolitical zone and have the city of Abakaliki as it capital. The most important economic activity in Ebonyi state is agriculture and it is a leading producer of some agricultural crops in Nigeria. It has a population of a little over 2 million.

4. TARABA STATE (2,300,736)


Taraba state is located in the northern part of the country and has the city of Jalingo as it capital. The state is mostly and agriculture state. The population of Taraba according to the 2006 census is little over 2 million just like Ebonyi although it is more populated than Ebonyi state.

5. YOBE STATE (2,321,591)


Yobe state in terms of area is the 6th largest state in Nigeria. However, this land area didn’t lead to a high populated as the state is having a population of about 2,321,591 people making it the 5th least populated state in the country. This state is located in the North East and one of the most terrorized states in the country.

6. GOMBE STATE (2,353,879)


Gombe state with the city of Gombe as its capital is located in northern Nigeria. In term of population, it ranks 6 in the country. The most important economic activity in the state is agriculture.

7. KWARA STATE (2,371,089)


Kwara state is located in North central part of the country and has the city of Ilorin as its capital. The state is the only Yoruba dominated state in Northern Nigeria. the main economic activity in Kwara is agriculture.

8. EKITI STATE (2,384,212)


Ekiti state is one of the poorest states in Nigeria, it is also one of the smallest states in the country and also one of the least populated states in the country. This state had produced the highest number of professors in Nigeria. It also boast of having some pioneer academics.

9. ABIA STATE (2,833,999)


Abia state is located in South east part of the country and made of predominantly the Igbo speaking people who are mostly Christians. This is one of the states with oil deposits in the south east.

10. CROSS RIVER STATE (2,888,966)


Cross River is located in the South South and it is one of the least populated states in the country. If you are looking for a state in the country that tourism could be said to be developed, then visit Cross River, it is home to the popular Obudu Mountain Resort among other interesting tourist destination.

Top 10 Most Populated States in Nigeria


Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of over 182 million. The large human population is distributed among the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory. The distribution however is not uniform. While some states like Kano have a population of over 9 million, others like Nasarawa have a population less than 3 million. This post will discuss the top 10 most populous states in Nigeria.

1. KANO STATE


Kano state is the most populated state in Nigeria according to the census conducted in 2006 and has a population of over 9 million. It is located in the North West geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It is the richest state in Northern Nigeria and the 6th in Nigeria. This state is one of the largest industrial bases in the country. Kano state is predominantly made of the Hausa Ethnic groups who are mostly Muslims. The state has the highest number of Local Government Areas in Nigeria.

The state is an important commercial centre in the country. Agriculture is also practiced at both subsistence and commercial level in the state.

2. LAGOS STATE


Lagos state is the most economically important state in Nigeria. It is the second most populous state in Nigeria. However, the Lagos state government claimed the 2006 census is has some flaws and Lagos is the most populated. However, there are no official data to adequately support their claim. Lagos is the richest state in Nigeria and also an oil producer. It is home to the city of Lagos, the most populated city in Nigeria. It is home to 2 major seaports and the busiest airport in Nigeria.

3. KADUNA STATE


Kaduna state also located in Northwestern part of the country is the 3th most populated state in the country. This state is home to a lot of Military Barracks and Bases as well as some unique schools. It is home to the Nigerian Defence Academy, Nigerian College of Aviation Technology, Institution of Leather Research, and the prestigious Ahmadu Bello University among others.
This state is one of the largest states in Nigeria in term of land area. It is also one of the most diverse states in term of ethnic composition.

4. KATSINA STATE


Katsina state is also located in the Northwest. This state is predominantly made of the Hausa-Fulani ethnic groups who are mostly Muslims. Agriculture is the predominate occupation in this state.

5. OYO STATE


Oyo state is the 5th most populated in Nigeria and the 2nd in Western Nigeria after Lagos. This state is a Yoruba dominated state and home to the first university in Nigeria; University of Ibadan. It also houses the first Television station in Nigeria (NTA Ibadan) as well as the Cocoa house and Old Oyo Park. The people of this state are predominantly into agriculture.

6. RIVERS STATE


Rivers state is the most populated state in the Niger Delta region. The state has one of the largest oil deposits in Nigeria and the third oil producer. It is home to 2 major oil refineries in the country. Aside being an oil producer, it is also blessed with other mineral and agricultural resources.

7. BAUCHI STATE


Bauchi state is one of the largest in the country in terms of land area and happens to be one of the most populated. Bauchi is located in the Northern part of the country. the most important economic activity in Bauchi is agriculture.

8. JIGAWA STATE


Jigawa state with Dutse as it capital, it is located in North western part of the country.

9. BENUE STATE


Benue is located in the North Central part of the country, the zone loosely referred to as the Middle belt. This state is majorly an agricultural state. It is a major producer of food in Nigeria and prides itself as the food basket of the nation. This is the most populous in the middle belt.

10. ANAMBRA STATE


Anambra state is the most populous state in the South eastern part of the country. The main economic activity is agriculture. The state is dominated by the Igbo speaking people who are mostly Christians.

NOTE: It is very difficult to find a reliable data on population as even the census of 2006 was faulted. This then means we can’t rely on the individual estimations by some of the states. So our list for now uses the census data until a new census is carried out.


Top 10 Smallest States in Nigeria by Landmass (Area)

The smallest states in Nigeria in terms of landmass are concentrated in the southern part of the country as opposed to the largest states that are located in the northern part of the country. This post will discuss the top 10 smallest states in Nigeria by land area. Just know that Lagos is the smallest state in Nigeria. It is also worthy of notice that this states are some of the wealthiest in the country.

1. LAGOS STATE


First on our list of smallest states in Nigeria is Lagos. Yes, Lagos state is the smallest state in the country having a land area that could be compared with the landmass of some Local Government Areas in the country. The land area of Lagos is about 3,345kmsq. Despite this, the 2006 census shows that Lagos is the second most populated state in Nigeria directly behind Kano. It is the richest state in Nigeria, home to 2 major seaports and the busiest airport in the country.

Lagos state is home to the city of Lagos, the most populated city in Nigeria and one of the most populated in the world. This state can be said to be the commercial nerve of the country and the hub for several startups in the country. The economy of Lagos state is so strong that had it being it is a country; it would have been the 5th largest in Africa. It has 20 Local Government Areas.

2. ANAMBRA STATE


Anambra is the second smallest state in Nigeria directly behind Lagos. It has an area extent of about 4,844kmsq and ranked 10th in terms of population. The state is an oil producing state aside which it is also blessed with enormous mineral resources. Agriculture is the major economic activity in this state that the population is into. One interesting thing about Anambra is that it has the lowest poverty rate in the country.

3. IMO STATE


Ranked 13th in terms of population, Imo state is the third smallest state in Nigeria. The state occupies an area of about 5,540kmsq. This state just like Anambra state above is located in the South East Geopolitical zone in Nigeria dominated purely by the Igbo speaking group who are mostly Christians and have agriculture and commerce as their main economic activity. Imo state is also an oil producing state and it took its name from the Imo River.

4. EBONYI STATE


Located in the South Eastern part of the country, Ebonyi is one of the smallest and least populated states in the country. It is ranked as the 3rd least populated state and then takes the number 4th spot on the list of the smallest states in Nigeria and has a land area of about 5,670kmsq. The state is mostly an agricultural state and a major producer of many food crops. However, it is one of the poorest states in the country and the poorest in the South East.

5. ABIA STATE


Abia state is an oil producer located in the South East Igbo dominating zone of Nigeria. In terms of population, it is ranked 28 while it rank 5th in terms of small area coverage. The land area of Abia is about 6,320kmsq. The state is the home to Aba, a popular commercial hub in Nigeria known for its manufacturing prowess.

6. EKITI STATE


Ekiti state just like Ebonyi are at the lower part of the spectrum in terms of population and landmass. It has a land area of about 6,353kmsq. This state is located in the western part of the country dominated by the Yoruba. The state has the highest number of professors in Nigeria and boast of having pioneering academics.

7. AKWA IBOM STATE


Akwa Ibom is the highest oil producing state in Nigeria. It is a Niger Delta state located in the South South geopolitical zone of the country. This state is home to 2 major seaports and regarded as one of the most beautiful in Nigeria. 7,081kmsq is the land area of the state.

8. ENUGU STATE


Also a south east state, making it the 5th southeastern state on the list. It is the 8th smallest state in the country with an area extent of 7,161kmsq and an important coal mining zone in the country. The state is also an agricultural state. In terms of population, it ranks 22.

9. OSUN STATE


If the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was to be a state, it would have been the one on the 8th spot but since it is not a state, then the spot had to go to Osun state. So technically, Osun state is the 8th smallest and it has an area extent of 9,251kmsq and home to the prestigious Obafemi Awolowo University. It is a south western state.

BAYELSA STATE


Bayelsa state is the 10th smallest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass. However, it is the least populated state in Nigeria and also have the smallest number of Local Government Areas (8 in number). This state is located in the Niger Delta region and also one of the largest oil producer in the country.

The 20 Major Agricultural Crops in Nigeria: List of Cash and Food Crops


Agriculture in Nigeria is very important, employing about 30% of the Nigerian population. While there's some form of modernization in this sector, the majority of the people engaged in Agriculture production in all states of Nigeria practice it at a subsistence level. Yet, Nigeria is a major producer of some agricultural crops in the world. This is as a result of the diverse crop supporting soil and climate with which Nigeria is blessed with.

The major agricultural crops in Nigeria are 20. These include both the food crops as well as the cash crops and each will be discussed below alongside the states they are produced in Nigeria.

1. GUINEA CORN


Guinea Corn also known Sorghum is one of the major agricultural food crops grown in Nigeria. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Nigeria is the second major producer of Sorghum in the world after the United States. In the 2012/2013 season, about 5.9 million tons of Guinea Corn was produced in Nigeria.

The major states producing Sorghum are located in the Northern part of the country. These states include Borno, Kano, Kaduna, Niger, Zamfara, Katsina and Bauchi.

2. MILLET


Millet is one of the most cultivated food crops in Northern Nigeria. In 1990, Nigeria produced about 5.1 million tons of Millet, making it the third leading producer of Millet in the world. Coming to 2014, the number has reduced drastically as Nigeria was only producing 1.3 million tons, making them slip down the ranking to the fifth position.

Millet is grown majorly in states like Borno, Kano, Katsina, Sokoto, Bauchi, Abuja, Benue, Kaduna, Niger and Plateau state.

3. MAIZE (CORN)


The importance of Maize in Nigeria cannot be over emphasized. It is either cooked, roasted or processed into variety of foods. Nigeria is said to be the largest producer of Maize in Africa and third largest in the world after the United States and Mexico. Nigeria accounts for 7.7% of the total Maize production in the world.

This cereal crop is produced in virtually all the states of the federation. The leading producers however are Kaduna, Niger, Taraba, Plateau and Adamawa state.

4. RICE


The list of food crops cultivated in Nigeria will not be complete without rice. This cereal is one of the most loved and cherished food crop in Nigeria. Interestingly, Nigeria is the largest producer of rice in West Africa. On the other hand, the amount cultivated by the Nigerian farmers cannot meet the local demand. Thus, leading to it importation.
Virtually, rice is cultivated in all the states in Nigeria. However, the main areas of rice cultivation in the country include

the middle belt and Northern states of Benue, Borno, Kaduna, Kano, Niger and Taraba. Rice is also grown in the South Eastern states of Enugu, Cross River and Ebonyi.

5. COWPEA (BEANS)


This legume crop is one of the major agricultural crops Nigeria is known for. Nigeria is said to be the largest producer and consumer of beans in the world, producing 2.2 million metric tons of dried grain in 2010.

Beans is produced more in Borno, Zamfara, Sokoto, Kano, Gombe and Yobe state.

6. YAM


Next on the list is Yam. It is the favorite of many because of the famous 'pound yam' and other delicacies prepared for it. Yam is cultivated in large quantities in Nigeria. In fact, data made available by the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) shows that Nigeria is the world's largest producer of yam. In 1985, Nigeria produced 18.3 million tonnes of yam. This number increased to 32.318 million metric tonnes, making it still retains its spot as the largest producer.

The major agricultural states in Nigeria in terms of yam farming are Benue. Other yam producing states are Adamawa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Ekiti, Imo, Kaduna, Kwara, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, and Plateau state.

7. CASSAVA


The popular staple food Garri (cassava flakes or whatever you call it) is made from cassava. This agricultural tuber crop is so popular in Nigeria that hardly would you hear or even see someone that have not come in contact with it or even heard of it. Interestingly, Nigeria is the largest producer of it.

The major producing areas are Benue, Kogi, Enugu, Imo, Cross River, Kaduna, Oyo, Ogun, Ondo, Delta, Rivers, Akwa-Ibom and Taraba.

8. COCOYAM


Cocoyam is one of the major root tubers produced in large quantities in Nigeria. In fact, the largest producer of cocoyam in the world today is Nigeria. Cocoyam is grown/cultivated in almost all the states in Nigeria. The top cocoyam producers are Imo, Anambra, Kaduna, Ondo, Ogun, Rivers, Oyo, Plateau, Katsina, Edo, Always Ibom and Cross River state.

9. POTATOES


The list of food crops in Nigeria is not complete without sweet potatoes. This agricultural tuber had won the heart of many across the age groups Nigeria has. The crop is grown majorly in the agricultural Northern states of Nigeria like Kaduna, Bauchi, Sokoto, Benue, Plateau and Kano. Sweet potatoes are also grown in substantial amount in Anambra. Other states also farm this crop.

10. GROUNDNUT


Groundnut (Peanut) is one crop in Nigeria that it importance cannot be overemphasized, it is classified both as a grain legume and an oil crop. Nigeria is the world’s third largest producer of groundnut in the world, directly behind China and the United States. In 2014, Nigeria produced about 3.4 million tonnes of groundnut. The states responsible for this production of groundnut in Nigeria are the northern states in Nigeria, they include Niger, Kano, Jigawa, Zamfara,Kebbi, Sokoto, Katsina, Kaduna, Adamawa, Yobe, Borno, Taraba, Plateau, Nasarawa, Bauchi, and Gombe States.

11. SESAME (BENISEED)


Nigeria is the third producers of sesame in Nigeria, directly behind India and China. A large proportion of this crop produced is shipped out of the country. 17 States and the FCT in Nigeria are the main producers in the country. These states include Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe and Abuja with Nasara being the largest producer of Sesame in Nigeria producing about 40 metric tonnes in a year.

12. SOYBEANS


Soybean was first introduced to Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria in 1908. Currently, Nigeria is the largest producer of the crop for human and livestock feeds in West and Central Africa. Soya beans are mostly produced in the middle belt with Benue state accounting for over 70% of the production in Nigeria. Some of the states also producing soya beans in Nigeria include Kwara, Kogi, Oyo, Ondo, Osun, Nassarawa, Kaduna, Niger, Bauchi, Ogun, and Taraba states.

13. COCOA


The list of cash crops in Nigeria will not be complete without cocoa; it is the leading agricultural export of Nigeria. This crop was introduced into Nigeria in the 1870s and tried in the Niger Delta Area of Bonny and Calabar. However, this important agricultural crop didn’t do well there. In the 1880s, it was introduced into the western Yoruba dominated region and today, they produce over 80% of cocoa in the world. The cocoa producing states in Nigeria include Ekiti, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Cross River and Edo.

Currently, Nigeria is the 4th largest cocoa producing country in the world, after Ivory Coast, Indonesia and Ghana. However, it is the third largest exporter in the world. Before the period of oil exploration, Nigeria was world’s second producer of cocoa. However, due to the discovery of oil, the production of this important cash crop in Nigeria had reduced.

14. KOLANUT


The kola nut is a caffeine-containing nut of evergreen trees of the genus Cola. The kola nut has a bitter flavor and contains caffeine. It is a very important crop in many cultures in Nigeria and a very important crop eaten during marriage ceremony. Kola nut is produced in 19 states in Nigeria including bia, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Benue, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Imo, Kogi, Lagos, Gombe, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Rivers and Taraba. However, the largest producer is Ogun state.

15. RUBBER


This is a very important tree crop in Nigeria; the country is the 9th producer of rubber in the world. In Nigeria, Delta state is the largest rubber producer. Other states producing rubber in the country include bia, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Ekiti, Kogi, Ogun, Ondo and Rivers.

16. OIL PALM


Before 1934, Nigeria was the largest oil palm producer in the world. However, Nigeria is now the 3rd largest producer of this crop, after Indonesia and Malaysia. In Nigeria, the Niger Delta states account for about 57% of the country’s oil palm production. Aside this region, it is also produced in the South East and North Central.

17. COTTON


Cotton as a major cash crop is of considerable social and economic importance to Nigeria Cotton/textile activities widespread in the country. Cotton production in Nigeria dates back to 1903 with the British Cotton Growers Association taking the lead until 1974. The traditional cotton growing areas are concentrated in Northern and South Western Nigeria, In the Savannah belts of the country: Kaduna, Ondo, Kano, Katsina ,Oyo, Kwara, Ogun Zamfara, Jigawa, Sokoto and Kebbi.

18. SUGARCANE


Sugar cane production is done mainly in the North Western region of the country with Kano State being the highest producer, accounting for 30% of the national production. The border states of Kano, such as Jigawa, Kaduna and Kastina, represent respectively 8%, 13% and 13% of the domestic production. Other sugarcane producing states in Nigeria are Taraba, Adamawa, Kebbi and Sokoto. The 8 states mentioned above represented 86% of the total production in 2009-2010.

19. TOBACCO


This is one crop in Nigeria that despite it is been frowned at, continue to prosper. According to the British American Tobacco Company in Nigeria, the volume of tobacco produced has increased from 2,088 tons in 2004 to over 2,500 tons in 2013. About 10,000 people are currently directly involved in our tobacco growing operation.

20. CASHEW

The list of cash crops in Nigeria is not complete without cashew in it, it is one of the most popular and sort after fruit in the country. in 2013, Nigeria produced about 950,000 metric tonnes of cashew, making it rank as the world 2nd largest producer of cashew. The plant’s fruit and nut are both edible. Aside this, the nut is an essential export commodity in the country. The states producing cashew in Nigeria include Enugu, Oyo, Anambra, Kogi, Osun, Abia, Ondo, Benue, Cross River, Imo, Ekiti, Ebonyi and Kwara.