I am back... for you!

For a long time… I have abandoned 360nigeria.com for reasons ranging from academics to the epileptic power supply and the new skill I am learning (programming computer software using the python programming language). Well, all that is history now. This blog won’t be abandoned again. I am back to it like never before. Starting from Monday, new articles would be published every week for your consumption. For now… I am working out the list of topics to write on.

Top 10 Largest States in Nigeria by Landmass (Area)

The Nigerian landmass is not divided equally between the 36 states and FCT. While some have a land area of an area of more than 70,000kmsq and are bigger than some countries, others have a small land area of less than 5,000kmsq. In Nigeria, the largest states are located in the northern part of the country, dominated by the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group.

The largest and biggest state in Nigeria by land area is Niger state while the smallest state in the country is Lagos State. This article will discuss the top 10 largest states in Nigeria by Landmass. It is worthy of note that this states are some of the poorest in the country.


Located in North central Nigeria, Niger state is the largest state in Nigeria; it has a land area of 76,363kmsq. It is about 22.8 times the size of Lagos state, 10 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 3.7 times the size of Kano state. Niger state is larger than countries in Africa like Sierra Leone, Togo, Guinea Bissau, Lesotho, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Rwanda, Djibouti, Swaziland, Gambia, Cape Verde, Comoros, Mauritius, Sao Tome and Principe, and Seychelles. However, it is the 18th most populous state in the country; this shows that land area is not a yardstick for a large population.

Niger state has 25 Local Government Areas and houses two Nigerian former military rulers; Ibrahim Babangida and Abdulsalami Abubakar. It is host to Kainji Dam and Shiroro Dam, the 2 major hydroelectric power stations in the country. The famous Gurara Falls and Kainji National Park is also in this state.


Borno state is located in the North eastern Nigeria and it is the second largest state in Nigeria. It has a landmass of about 70,898kmsq making it the second biggest. It is 21 times the area of Lagos, 10 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 3.5 times the size of Kano state. It is also bigger than all the African countries stated above with exception of Sierra Leone. This state is one of the states that had suffered in the hand of the Boko Haram insurgence.

The state is the 18th most populous state in the country. Again, large land area does not equate large population.


Taraba state is located in the North East Geopolitical zone of Nigeria. it has an area extent of 54,473kmsq making the third largest state in Nigeria. Ironically, this third biggest state is the 30th most populous state in the country. It is 16.3 times bigger than Lagos, 7.7 times larger than Akwa Ibom and 2.7 times the size of Kano. The prominent Mambilla Plateau is located in this state.


Kaduna state is the 4th largest state by landmass in Nigeria and has a land area of about 46,053kmsq. It is 13.8 times the size of Lagos, 6.5 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 2.3 times larger than Kano. Unlike the above states, the large landmass of Kaduna state corresponds with it population as it is the third most populated state in Nigeria according to the 2006 census.

Kaduna state is located in North West Nigeria and have the city of Kaduna as it capital. The state boasts of having some of the best and unique schools. It is also a home to several military bases and schools.


The 5th largest state in Nigeria is Bauchi state with an area extent of about 45,502kmsq. In terms of population, it ranks 7th in the country. The state is 13.6 times the size of Lagos, 6.4 times the area of Akwa Ibom and 2.3 times the size of Kano. The state is located in Northern Nigeria and has the city of Bauchi as it Capital. It is home to the popular Yankari Game Reserve, the largest game reserve in Nigeria.


This state is located in the North Eastern part of the country and has Damaturu as it Capital; it is the 6th largest state in the country with a size a little less than that of Bauchi. Its area extent is about 45,502kmsq. The state is one of the most populated in the country, taking the 6th spot of the most populous state.


Zamfara state is one of the largest states in Nigeria ranking 7 on the list of the top 10 largest states in Nigeria. The state has an area extent of about 39,762kmsq making it 11.9 times larger than Lagos, 5.6 times bigger than Akwa Ibom and approximately twice the size of Kano. However, it ranks 23rd in terms of human population. The state is located in North Western Nigeria and has Gusau as it Capital.


Adamawa state has a land area of 36,917kmsq bringing it into the list of the largest states in Nigeria. It is 11 times the size of Lagos state, 5.21 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 1.8 times the size of Kano.


Kwara ranks 9th on the list of states of Nigeria in terms of area. It is located in North Central Nigeria and has the city of Ilorin as it Capital. Kwara has a land area of about 36,825 kmsq, making it 11 times bigger than Lagos and almost 5.21 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 1.8 times Kano’s size. Just like most states on the list, agriculture is the primary economic activity here.


Kebbi state is one of the states in the country that shares boundary with other countries (it shares with Niger Republic and Benin Republic). It has a size almost the size of Kwara state. In terms of population, it ranks 22.

The 6 Geopolitical Zones of Nigeria

The 6 geopolitical zones in Nigeria divided the nation into 6 zones based on similarity in culture, ethnic groups and history. It is not based on any geopolitical location, it is not constitutional. It was introduced during the regime of Former Head of State Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida in order to divide the nation into manageable unit for allocation of resources. This was because though the nation is heterogeneous ethnically, there are some similarities observed between the over 400 ethnic in the country and this can be exploited to create manageable units.

While each of the six geopolitical zones is made of people with some similar culture, it is important to note that the North Central is the most diverse of the zones. This article will discuss the 6 zones, their states, ethnic groups, economic activities and other interesting details.


The North west geopolitical zone of Nigeria is one of the largest zones in the country with a landmass coverage of 216,065kmsq making it cover 25.75% of the land area of Nigeria. It is also one of the most populous zones. There are 7 States that makes up this zone. These include Kano, Kaduna, Katsina, Kebbi,Jigawa, Sokoto and Zamfara. Talking of major cities in the North-west, we can talk of Kano, Zaria, Kaduna, Birnin Kebbi, Dutse, Sokoto and Gusau.

The major ethnic groups in the North West zone geopolitical zone include the Hausa-Fulani, Kanuri, Gbagyi, Zuru, Jabba, Baju, Maguzawa, etc. The people here are mostly into agriculture and they are major producers of Sorghum, Maize and Rice as well as other cereals and tomatoes.


The North East Geopolitical zone consists of 6 states which are Bauchi, Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, Taraba and Gombe. The most important economic activity here is farming and rearing of animals. This zone together with North West and North Central are the major agricultural zones in the country and provides most of the food consumed in the country. The major cities in the North West are Potiskum, Yola, Bauchi, Maiduguri, Gombe and Jalingo and Damaturu.

The major ethnic groups here are the Kanuri, Mumuye, Fulani, Fulfulde, Balewa, Tiv, Babur, Tangalawaja, etc. This zone is the most terrorized zone in the country.


The North Central zone also known by many as the middle belt is the geopolitical zone in Nigeria that hosts the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja). Aside this, it is also a home to 6 states which are Niger, Nasarawa, Kogi, Kwara, Plateau and Benue. As stated earlier, it is the most diverse region in Nigeria with a lot of ethnic groups. However, the Gbagyi, Tiv, Igala, Idoma, Igbira, Nupe, Eggon-Mada, Berom, Yoruba and Mangu, are the major ethnic group in the North Central Geopolitical zone.

The major towns here include Abuja, Minna, Lokoja, Jos, Makurdi, Jos, Lafia and Ilorin.


The Yoruba dominated South West is located on the Western Upland otherwise known as the Yoruba Highland. It is made up of Lagos, Ogun, Osun, Ondo, Oyo and Ekiti. This is the zone with the highest number of academics in the country. Major cities here include the popular and fast growing Lagos, Ibadan, Osogbo, Abeokuta, Ado-Ekiti and Ogbomoso and Akure. The most important economic activity in the South West zone is agriculture. There are two oil producing states in this region. These are Lagos and Ondo.


Just like the South West, the South East is fairly homogenous with Igbo as the dominating ethnic group. The states in this zone includes Abia, Anambra, Imo, Enugu and Ebonyi. Out of the 5 states that makes up the South East zone, only 2 can be said to be truly oil producing and they are Imo and Abia. The most important economic activity in the South East is farming. A large number of it population also engage in trading. The South East is notable for producing the highest number of serious businessmen in the country.


South South is the 6th geopolitical zone in Nigeria and the largest oil producing region in Nigeria. All the states in this region except Cross River are major oil producers. The 6 states in South South geopolitical zone includes Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Cross River, Rivers and Edo. These states together with Abia, Imo and Ondo makes up the region known as the Niger Delta Region.

Top 10 Richest States in Nigeria by GDP

Nigeria is the richest country in Africa. The country has 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. The wealth status of Nigeria is not distributed equally among these 36 states. While some have a GDP of more than $20,000, others have a GDP of less than $5,000. This post will discuss the list of top 10 richest states in Nigeria and their GDP. The richest state in Nigeria is Lagos state.

1. LAGOS STATE ($33,679)

Lagos state is the richest state in Nigeria with Ikeja as it capital. This state is also the second most populated state in the country as well as the smallest state in the country in terms of land area. Lagos state is the most economically important state in Nigeria. It had been stated that if Lagos state was to be a country, it will be the 5th largest economy in Africa. It is home Lagos, the most populous city in Nigeria and one of the most populous in the world.

It is home to the two major seaports in Nigeria as well as a home to the busiest international airport in the country. Lagos has also join the list of oil producing states in the country.

2. RIVERS STATE ($21,073)

Rivers state is the second richest state in Nigeria, directly behind Lagos. It is located in the oil producing Niger Delta region and home to 2 Nigerian oil refineries. The capital of the state Port Harcourt is where these refineries are located. This state is the 6th most populous state in the country. Aside this state being an oil producer, farming and fishing are also practiced in the state.

3. DELTA STATE ($16,749)

Delta state just like River state is located in the South South Geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It is the 3rd richest and also the third oil producer in the country. Delta is home to Warri, a town where one of nigeria’s oil refineries is located. The capital of the state is Asaba. Aside being an oil producer, Delta state is also a producer of agricultural crops in Nigeria.

4. OYO STATE ($16,121)

Oyo state is a Yoruba state, located in the South western part of the country just as Lagos. This is the 4th richest state in the country. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people living in this area. The cocoa house, the first skyscraper in Africa is located in this state and it is built from proceeds of Cocoa. Among other tourist attractions, Oyo state is home to NTA Ibadan, the first TV station in Nigeria, the old Oyo National Park, the Zoological garden and the famous old Oyo empire historical site. It is also home to the first university in Nigeria; University of Ibadan.

5. IMO STATE ($14,212)

Imo state is the richest state in the south eastern part of the country and has the city of Owerri as its capital. It ranks number 5 on the list of richest states in Nigeria. This state is an oil producer. Aside being an oil producer, the state depends primarily on agriculture and trade.

6. KANO STATE ($12,393)

Kano state is the richest state in Northern Nigeria and the most industrialized state in the region. This state is the most populous state in Nigeria according to the 2006 census. The state is one of the most commercially inclined states in Nigeria. Kano state is a major agricultural producer in the country. Aside this, it is an industrial state and a leading commercial state in Nigeria. Kano state has the largest Local Government Areas in Nigeria. It home to the popular Old Kano city wall.

7. EDO STATE ($11,888)

Edo state is located in Mid-Western Nigeria with Benin City as its capital. The state is an oil producing state. Aside oil, it is also blessed with other mineral resources.

8. AKWA IBOM ($11,179)

For those already wondering where Akwa Ibom is on the list, Akwa Ibom takes the 8th spot. It is the largest oil producer in Nigeria and the city of Uyo, one of the most beautiful cities is the capital of the state.

9. OGUN STATE ($10,470)

Ogun state is the industrial base of Nigeria (Lagos is second). This state’s capital is Abeokuta and it is located in Southwestern Nigeria. Abeokuta is home to Olumo Rock, a popular tourist destination.

10. KADUNA STATE ($10,334)

Kaduna state is the second state from the northern region that made it to our list, it is the centre of learning in Nigeria and also one of the most diverse state in terms of ethnic group composition. It is the home to the Nigerian Defence Academy, Nigerian College of Aviation Technology, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigerian Institute of Transport Technology, etc.
Conclusively, I want you to look at the list, what do you observe, what is the trend and what do you think about this list of richest states in Nigeria

The 25 Major Ethnic Groups in Nigeria

There are about 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria, with varying languages, cultures and values. This had made the country culturally diverse. However, majority of the population belongs to a few ethnic groups which are known as the major ethnic groups in Nigeria (Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo). These ethnic groups accounts for about 70% of the population of the country. Aside these, there are some other ethnic groups such as the Urhobo-Isoko, Edo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Ebira, Nupe, Gwari, Jukun, Igala, Idoma whom can also be termed as majority.

This article will discuss the list of 25 major ethnic groups in Nigeria together with the states they can be found and other interesting details.


The Hausa-Fulani ethnic group is the largest ethnic group in Nigeria. The 2 ethnic groups; Hausa and Fulani are actually separate but since the Fulani War, the Fulani people have been intertwined with the Hausa People of Nigeria and as such, they are now been seen as one. The Hausa ethnic group account for about 25% of the Nigerian population. Together with the fulanis, they account for about 29% of the nation’s population. Aside Nigeria, they are also found in some North African countries.

The Hausa-Fulani are mostly Muslims. Hausa Language is the most popular language in the country and the most spoken in Northern Nigeria. people form the Hausa and Fulani tribes are found in states like Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, etc. Due to their population, they had been dominating the Nigerian political atmosphere since independence. The Emirs are the leaders of these people with the Sultan of Sokoto being the overhead.


The South West dominating Yoruba ethnic group account for about 21% of the Nigerian Population making them one of the major ethnic groups in Nigeria. The language is also being spoken in Benin. They are usually Christians or Muslims. However, a large number of their populations are traditional worshippers. Oba is the name of ruler in Yoruba land. The Yoruba tribes are found in states like Lagos, Oyo, Osun, Ogun, Ekiti, Ondo, Kwara and Kogi state.


The Igbo speaking people are located mostly in the South East Geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Igbo is the major language in states such as Abia, Anambra, Enugu, Imo and Ebonyi. People of this ethnic group are also found in states like Rivers, Delta, Cross River and Benue. Aside these, they are also found in almost all places in the country as a result of their entrepreneurial skills. This tribe has at a time, wanted to split away from Nigeria and they are still agitating for that. They account for roughly about 20% of the Nigerian population.


The Ijaw ethnic group is the largest ethnic group in Nigeria aside the three above. It accounts for 10% of the Nigerian population. The people of this ethnic division live mostly in the Niger Delta states in Nigeria which is the oil producing region in Nigeria. However, due to corruption, the dividence of oil is not seen in the lives of the people. The Niger Delta region is one of the most populated regions due to the activities of oil companies.


This is one of the dominate language in the North East. While people see everybody from the extreme North as being either Hausa or Fulani, this is far from the truth. It is because of this that every Hausa man is seen as a potential Boko Haram member when in fact, Boko Haram originate from the Kanuri speaking people. There are a large number of people speaking Kanuri in Kaduna, Adamawa, Borno, Kano, Niger, Jigawa, Plateau, Taraba and Yobe.


The Efik-Ibibio ethnic groups are some of the minority ethnic groups in Nigeria. They are mostly Christians and live in the South South part of the country with bulk of their population being in Akwa Ibom and Cross River. The Efik, Annang and Ibibio people though slightly different are culturally grouped into one as they speak almost the same languages and originate from the same place.


The Edo ethnic group is also known as Bini. They are the descendants of the people that founded the former Benin Empire which was located in South/Mid-Western Nigeria. the people of this ethnic group are mostly found indigenously in Edo state.


The Tiv ethnic group is one of the minorities with a large number of population, they are mostly farmers and are one of the largest agricultural producing tribes in Nigeria. They are found mostly in Benue, Taraba and Nasarawa.

The Idomas on the other hand are also agricultural and together with Tiv, they earned Benue state the Food Basket of the Nation slogan. They are also found in states like the Nasarawa, Cross River, Kogi and Taraba.

Jukun is a Jukunoid language of Cameroon used as a trade language in Nigeria. The Jukun tribe can be found in states such as Bauchi, Benue, Taraba and Plateau State.


The Igala ethnic group is the dominant ethnic group in Kogi state. The Igala language as well as Igala culture and tradition have influenced other languages and cultures around the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. The Igala ethnic group can be found in a substantial number in Enugu, Anambra, Delta and Edo state.

The Ebira or Egbira people on the other hand are an ethno-linguistic group of central Nigeria. Many Ebira people are from Kogi State, Kwara State, Nasarawa State and Edo State. Okene was said to be the administrative centre of the Ebira-speaking people in Kogi state before kogi was formed from Kwara, not far from the Niger-Benue confluence.


The Nupe, traditionally known as the Tapa by the Yorubas are located primarily in the Middle Belt and Northern Nigeria and are the dominant ethnic group in Niger state and and important minority in Kwara state.

The Gbagyi/Gbari ethnic groups are predominantly found in Central Nigeria, with a population of about 15 million people. Members of the ethnic group are known as Gwari by other tribes but they prefer to be called Gbagyi. Gbagyi is the most populated ethnic and indigenous group in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria and their major occupation is farming. They are also found in Niger and Kaduna state.


These 3 ethnic groups in Nigeria are located in the Niger Delta region. The Urhobo-Isolo and Itsekiri are located in Delta state while the Ikwerre people are one of the dominating ethnic groups in Rivers.


The North Central had been described as one of the most diverse zone in Nigeria and looking at number of ethnic groups in this region, this is not far from the truth. All the 4 ethnic groups can be found in Kaduna state except Berom which is found in Plateau state.