Top 10 Largest States in Nigeria by Landmass (Area)

The Nigerian landmass is not divided equally between the 36 states and FCT. While some have a land area of an area of more than 70,000kmsq and are bigger than some countries, others have a small land area of less than 5,000kmsq. In Nigeria, the largest states are located in the northern part of the country, dominated by the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group.

The largest and biggest state in Nigeria by land area is Niger state while the smallest state in the country is Lagos State. This article will discuss the top 10 largest states in Nigeria by Landmass. It is worthy of note that this states are some of the poorest in the country.

1. NIGER STATE


Located in North central Nigeria, Niger state is the largest state in Nigeria; it has a land area of 76,363kmsq. It is about 22.8 times the size of Lagos state, 10 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 3.7 times the size of Kano state. Niger state is larger than countries in Africa like Sierra Leone, Togo, Guinea Bissau, Lesotho, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Rwanda, Djibouti, Swaziland, Gambia, Cape Verde, Comoros, Mauritius, Sao Tome and Principe, and Seychelles. However, it is the 18th most populous state in the country; this shows that land area is not a yardstick for a large population.

Niger state has 25 Local Government Areas and houses two Nigerian former military rulers; Ibrahim Babangida and Abdulsalami Abubakar. It is host to Kainji Dam and Shiroro Dam, the 2 major hydroelectric power stations in the country. The famous Gurara Falls and Kainji National Park is also in this state.

2. BORNO STATE


Borno state is located in the North eastern Nigeria and it is the second largest state in Nigeria. It has a landmass of about 70,898kmsq making it the second biggest. It is 21 times the area of Lagos, 10 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 3.5 times the size of Kano state. It is also bigger than all the African countries stated above with exception of Sierra Leone. This state is one of the states that had suffered in the hand of the Boko Haram insurgence.

The state is the 18th most populous state in the country. Again, large land area does not equate large population.

3. TARABA STATE


Taraba state is located in the North East Geopolitical zone of Nigeria. it has an area extent of 54,473kmsq making the third largest state in Nigeria. Ironically, this third biggest state is the 30th most populous state in the country. It is 16.3 times bigger than Lagos, 7.7 times larger than Akwa Ibom and 2.7 times the size of Kano. The prominent Mambilla Plateau is located in this state.

4. KADUNA STATE


Kaduna state is the 4th largest state by landmass in Nigeria and has a land area of about 46,053kmsq. It is 13.8 times the size of Lagos, 6.5 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 2.3 times larger than Kano. Unlike the above states, the large landmass of Kaduna state corresponds with it population as it is the third most populated state in Nigeria according to the 2006 census.

Kaduna state is located in North West Nigeria and have the city of Kaduna as it capital. The state boasts of having some of the best and unique schools. It is also a home to several military bases and schools.

5. BAUCHI STATE


The 5th largest state in Nigeria is Bauchi state with an area extent of about 45,502kmsq. In terms of population, it ranks 7th in the country. The state is 13.6 times the size of Lagos, 6.4 times the area of Akwa Ibom and 2.3 times the size of Kano. The state is located in Northern Nigeria and has the city of Bauchi as it Capital. It is home to the popular Yankari Game Reserve, the largest game reserve in Nigeria.

6. YOBE STATE


This state is located in the North Eastern part of the country and has Damaturu as it Capital; it is the 6th largest state in the country with a size a little less than that of Bauchi. Its area extent is about 45,502kmsq. The state is one of the most populated in the country, taking the 6th spot of the most populous state.

7. ZAMFARA STATE


Zamfara state is one of the largest states in Nigeria ranking 7 on the list of the top 10 largest states in Nigeria. The state has an area extent of about 39,762kmsq making it 11.9 times larger than Lagos, 5.6 times bigger than Akwa Ibom and approximately twice the size of Kano. However, it ranks 23rd in terms of human population. The state is located in North Western Nigeria and has Gusau as it Capital.

8. ADAMAWA STATE


Adamawa state has a land area of 36,917kmsq bringing it into the list of the largest states in Nigeria. It is 11 times the size of Lagos state, 5.21 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 1.8 times the size of Kano.

9. KWARA STATE


Kwara ranks 9th on the list of states of Nigeria in terms of area. It is located in North Central Nigeria and has the city of Ilorin as it Capital. Kwara has a land area of about 36,825 kmsq, making it 11 times bigger than Lagos and almost 5.21 times the size of Akwa Ibom and 1.8 times Kano’s size. Just like most states on the list, agriculture is the primary economic activity here.

10. KEBBI STATE

Kebbi state is one of the states in the country that shares boundary with other countries (it shares with Niger Republic and Benin Republic). It has a size almost the size of Kwara state. In terms of population, it ranks 22.

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