Seaports in Nigeria are located in the southern part of the country; more specifically states that shares border with the Atlantic Ocean. They serve as depot with facilities where ship can dock and transfer cargo and people to or from land. They are the ports where goods are transported into and from the country. These ports are 6 in number and are been operated and regulated by the Nigerian Port Authority (NPA). These Nigerian seaports include the Lagos Port Complex, Tin Can Island Port, Rivers Port Complex, Delta Port, Calabar Port and the Onne Port.
1. LAGOS PORT COMPLEX (LPC)
Lagos Port Complex is the largest and busiest seaport in Nigeria and located in Apapa, Lagos state with an area extent of about 200 hectares of land. This airport was established in 1914 and together with the Tin Can Island Port; they serve the Western part of the country. The Lagos Port Complex is the economic door to Nigeria. Lagos Port Complex is also known as the Port of Lagos or the Apapa Port.
This Nigerian seaport has 5 private terminals. The terminal operators include AP Moller Terminal Ltd. (APMT), ENL Consortium Ltd. (ENL), Apapa Bulk Terminal Ltd. (ABTL), Greenview Development Nigeria Ltd. (GNDL) and Lilypond Inland Container Terminal. The Port also has two Logistics bases. These are the Eko Support Services Ltd and the Lagos Deep Offshore Logistics (LADOL) as well as 8 jetties. Sugar, Salt and Flour are produced in factories belonging to operators within the port.
2. TIN CAN ISLAND PORT COMPLEX (TCIPC)
The Tin Can Island Port Complex is the second busiest seaport in Nigeria. It is the product of the merging of the Roro Port and the Tin Can Island Ports. This seaport was established in 1975 and together with the Port of Lagos (the one above), they serve the western part of the country.
Just like the Port of Lagos, it has 5 terminals. The operators of these terminals include Josephdam Ports Services Limited, Tin Can Island Container Limited, Port & Cargo Handling Services Limited, Five Star Logistics Limited and Port & Terminal Multi-Services Limited.
3. RIVERS PORT COMPLEX
Rivers Port Complex is one of the most important seaports in Nigeria and it is located in Rivers state, one of the states that produce oil in the country. The Rivers Port Complex comprises Port Harcourt Port, Okrika Refined Petroleum Oil Jetty, Haastrup/Eagle Bulk Cement Jetty, Kidney Island Jetty, Ibeto Jetty, Macobar Jetty and Bitumen Jetty. Unlike the remaining ports in the country, the Rivers Port is not operated by the Nigerian Port Authority (NPA). There are 2 main operators in this port; Ports and Terminal operators and BUA Ports and Terminals.
4. DELTA PORT COMPLEX
Delta Port Complex is one of the 3 major ports located in the Niger Delta Domain. This port includes the ports of Warri, Sapele, Burutu and the Petroleum Terminals at Escravos and Forcados. These ports are important because of the importance of oil in the country.
5. CALABAR PORT COMPLEX
Calabar Port is the longest serving port, it is the oldest port in Nigeria. Calabar Port Complex comprises of the Old Port, the New Port and the Dockyard. It has jurisdiction over Crude Oil Terminals at Antan, Odudu, Yoho, QuaIboe; and other jetties at NIWA, McIver, NNPC, ALSCON, Dozzy, Northwest. Calabar Port has 3 terminals and is operated by are operated by ECM Terminal Ltd, INTELS Nigeria Ltd and Shoreline Logistics Nigeria Limited.
6. ONNE PORT COMPLEX
Onne Port Complex is one of the seaports in Nigeria located in Rivers state. It is located on the Ogu Creek near the Bonny River some 19km away from Port Harcourt. The port consists of 2 major facilities; the Federal Ocean Terminal and Federal Lighter Terminal. The Federal Government of Nigeria designated this zone Oil and Gas Free Zone and as such, over 100 companies have license to work in this port. The Port Area consists of 3 Local Government Area which are Bonny, Eleme and Ogu-Bolo.