Nigeria’s crude oil production hovers around 2.5 - 2.7 million barrels per day, making it the largest oil producing country in Africa and 6th in the world. This impressive figure is produced mostly by the Niger Delta region which makes up only 7.5% of the total land area of the country.
There are about 9 oil producing states that can be said to be harnessing their oil deposit. Out of these, Akwa Ibom, Delta, Rivers and Bayelsa account for 90.1% of the oil produced, making them the top producers of oil in the country. Aside these states, the other states include Ondo, Lagos, Edo, Imo and Abia. Oil had also been discovered in other states and region but due to low or lack of production, they wouldn’t be discussed here.
Note: Cross Rivers ceded it oil wells to Akwa Ibom after Cameroon took over Bakassi that why they are not on the list of oil producers.
1. AKWA IBOM
Akwa Ibom is the largest oil producing states in Nigeria producing about 504,000 barrels of oil per day. This makes Akwa Ibom account for 31.4% of the total crude oil produced. Aside being an oil producer, Akwa Ibom is also blessed with other mineral resources such as coal, limestone, salt, glass, clay, giver nitrate and of course, natural gas.
Uyo, the state capital of Akwa Ibom is regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in Nigeria. The state is a coastal state located in south south geopolitical zone and dominated by 3 major ethnic groups namely; the Oron, Annang and Ibibio. It has a population of over 5 million people.
Delta state is located in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria and it is the second largest oil producing state in the country with a production capacity of 346,000 barrels per day (31.4%). It is one of the richest states in the country. While Asaba is the capital of the state, the economic hub of the state is Warri, the heartbeat of the state. In Warri, there is a refinery and a petrochemical plant.
The state is home to over 4 million people and has Urhobos, Isokos and the Itsekiris as it major ethnic groups. Aside oil and natural gas, Delta state is blessed with clay, fine sand, rubber and timber.
Rivers is the third largest producer of oil and gas in Nigeria and was ones the largest before it was dislodged by Akwa Ibom. It however is the state that refines the highest amount of crude oil in the country and home to 2 oil refineries. Rivers has large deposit of oil and accounts for 21.43% of oil produced. The oil barrels produced in a day is about 344,000.
The capital city of Rivers is Port Harcourt and it is one of the most populated cities in the country and also the home to oil refineries. The major ethnic groups here are Ikwerre, Okrika, Upobo, Kalabari and the Ubani. The state is also a major fishing state due to it numerous rivers.
The list of the oil producing states in Nigeria can’t be complete without the mention of Bayelsa. You ask why? Because it is in Bayelsa that oil was first discovered in 1959 in large quantity at oloibiri to be precised. The state has one of the largest crude oil and natural gas deposits in Nigeria with a production capacity of about 290,000 barrels per day making it account for 18.07% of the total oil produced in the country. The capital of the state is Yanagoa.
The state has 8 Local Government Areas and has a population of about 1.9 million (2006 census) making it the least populated state in Nigeria. The major ethnic groups include the Ogbia, Nembe, Izon and Epie- Atissa. The state is also rivering and as such, it is blessed with enormous aquatic resources.
This is the 5th oil producing state with a daily production rate of 60,000 barrels. This state is not located in the traditional Niger Delta Region but included because of it oil producing status. It is located in south western Nigeria and has a population of about 2.4 million with Akure as it capital. The state is a Yoruba dominated state with the Ijaws as the minorities.
Lagos state is the richest oil producing state in Nigeria. It produces about 40,000 barrels per day. It richest state status wasn’t as a result of oil exploration but because of it robust commercial and industrial status as well as it being a startup hub. This state is regarded as the centre of excellence and the most economically important state in Nigeria.
Edo state is located in the south south geopolitical zone of the country and have Benin city as it capital. It is the 7th largest oil producer and has a population of over 3.3 million. The state produces 33,000 barrels of oil per day.
Imo state is located in South East geopolitical and the capital city of Owerri as it capital. It produces 17,000 barrels per day. Aside this, it also have deposit of lead, zinc, fine sand, clay and limestone. It is an Igbo dominated state.
9. ABIAAbia state is located in South East and it is also an Igbo dominated area. The capital city of Umuahia is the capital of the state. It also hosts Aba, a very popular manufacturing/commercial hub in Nigeria. It produces about 11,000 barrels of oil per day.
It is important to know that the above oil producing States are part of the states earning from the yearly 13% of the revenue gotten from crude oil.