Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and the 6th in the world. Nigeria has refineries where crude oil is refined. These refineries are subsidiaries of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). The refineries in Nigeria at a time were 4 in number but due to two of the 4 refineries in the country been merged into one, there are currently 3 refineries in Nigeria. Two of which are located in the Oil producing Niger Delta Region while the third one is located in the North Central part of the country which is not an oil producing region.
1. PORT HARCOURT REFINERY
Port Harcourt is the first on our list of oil refineries in Nigeria; it is the largest refinery in Nigeria and has a refining capacity of 210,000 barrels per day. The Port Harcourt Refinery is the product of merging of two refineries in Rivers state. The first is the Old Port Harcourt Refinery which has a capacity of 60,000 barrels per day while the second is the new Port Harcourt Refinery established in 1989 has a plate capacity of 60,000 barrels per day. Together, they have a combined plate capacity of 210,000 barrels per day.
Port Harcourt refinery produces Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), premium motor spirit (PMS), Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), Low Pour Fuel Oil (LPFO) and High Pour Fuel Oil (HPFO). This refinery is operated by the Port Harcourt Refining Company (PHRC) Limited.
2. WARRI REFINERYWarri Refinery is located at Warri, Delta State and it is the second highest oil refinery in Nigeria in terms of plate capacity. This refinery was established in 1978 with a capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. However, this was increased to 125,000 barrels per day in 1987. This refinery is operated by the Warri Refining & Petrochemicals Company (WRPC) Limited. It was constructed for the production of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), and Fuel Oil. It petrochemical plant produces Polyproylene and carbon black.
3. KADUNA REFINERY
This is the only oil refinery on the list that is not located in a Niger Delta state and also not oil producing. It was established with a plate capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. The Kaduna Refinery was established with the capability to produce Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), House Hold Kerosene (HHK), Aviation Turbine Kerosene (ATK), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), Fuel Oil and Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB). This refinery is operated by the Kaduna Refining and Petrochemicals (KRPC) Limited.
It is important to note that none of the above named refineries in Nigeria is functioning at the capacity it was established to function. In fact, some of them are now shadows of themselves. This is why despite we being Africa’s largest oil producer and having these 3 refineries, we still into fuel importation. Aside the listed refineries, there’s another one coming up (under construction) which is the Dangote Refinery owned by the Dangote Group, one of the largest business group in Nigeria owned by Nigerians Richest man Aliko Dangote.